The Republic of Armenia is located in the South Caucasus between Europe and Asia, it does not have access to the sea and its territorial borders include Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran; it is also one of the nations that were formerly part of the Soviet Republic and that today lives in the form of a multi-party state in the process of democratization; discover its exciting story throughout the reading of this post.
It is a member state of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Eastern Partnership; It has a land area of 29,743 km², its official language is Armenian, its capital Yerevan and the Parliamentary Republic form of government.
Currently, it is also an active member of 35 international organizations, including the Council of Europe, the United Nations, the Asian Development Bank, the World Trade Organization, the Association for Peace and many others.
Historical overview of Armenia
Armenia is a territory that has been progressively populated since prehistory, in fact it has important archaeological sites that bear witness to its first settlements; especially in areas such as Mesopotamia, between the Euphrates and Tigres rivers in what is now identified as the Middle East.
The Armenians are an ancient people strategically located between Asia and Europe, which has generated conflicts over the years at the expense of other peoples who want to conquer their region.
For this reason, they have historically developed signs of resistance in order to maintain their identity at all costs. However, it is fair to mention that the kilometers it has today are only a tenth of those that were formerly occupied by its ancestors.
The stories and chronicles carried out by chroniclers are based on the myth that the birth of this people dates back to the time when the legendary Haig, who was a descendant of Noah, defeated the tyrant Bel of Babylonian origin; thanks to an accurate arrow with which he gives death and life to Armenia on August 11, 2493 BC.
For them this date represents their Navasart or Armenian New Year. Then from 880 B.C. until – 590 B.C. the birth of the ancient Kingdom of Urantú takes place, which becomes a fierce rival of Assyria; being founded for that date the capital of this nation known as Yerevan; but then this empire falls into the hands of the Medes.
In the period between 590 B.C. and -190 BC. the domain of the lervadian dynasty arises, which is soon dominated by the Persians and later by the Seleucids; changes that will undoubtedly influence their social, economic and cultural life.
During the time between 190 BC and – 55 BC Armenia manages to become independent from the Seleucids and allowing the establishment of King
Ardahes in power and establishing the Ardashesián dynasty. It was a short period of time that ends when they are defeated by the Romans in the year 66 B.C.
Being under Roman domination and after the death of Dikrán II, its territory was maintained between wars staged by two sides, with what were the Roman and Persian; each of whom wanted him to be their military ally.
This dynamic was maintained for many years through the appearance of the Arshagunid dynasty, the Arab domination, the Pakraduni dynasty, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia; until reaching the period between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries when Ottoman Armenia and Eastern Armenia emerged.
During the 1908 young Turks overthrow Sultan Abdul Hamid to take power and make Armenia an autonomous nation with equal opportunities than many others in the world.
Between 1918 and 1920 the First Republic of Armenia was born; which suffers fluctuations due to the conflicts of power during the First World War, due to the factions in favor of the Ottoman Turkish Empire and those in favor of the Russian Empire.
Then, after the Russian withdrawal as a result of the Bolshevik revolution, the conquered Armenian territories were granted to Turkey, leaving only the area belonging to the Caucasus to the Armenian people.
Armenia becomes a Soviet territory between the years of 1920 and 1991; period that allowed it to achieve important scientific, cultural, artistic and industrial development until it finally decided to dissolve itself from Russia, to proclaim its independent republic on September 21, 1991.