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  Armenia. Armenia General Info. Visitors Info. Travel Info.
  Geography, Nature, Flora & Fauna. Armenia Economy. Tourism.

  Republic of Armenia. Hayastan. Yerevan. Country Info. Tourists Info.

ARMENIA GENERAL INFO
Country Info.



Official title
Republic of Armenia (RA)

Conventional short form
Armenia

Local long form
Hayastani Hanrapetutyun

Local short form
Hayastan

Location
South Trans-Caucasus /
Northeast of Armenian Plateau

Borders
Georgia / Azerbaijan / Turkey / Iran

Capital
Yerevan (300sq.km / 1.2million)

International Airports
Zvartnots & Shirak (Gyumri)

Independence declared
September 21, 1991

State flag
Three equal horizontal bands of
red (top) / blue / orange

Constitution
July 5, 1995

State structure
Parliamentary Democratic State

Form of Governance
Presidential

Legislative body
National Assembly (Parliament)

Executive body
Government of RA

Administrative division
11 regions (including Yerevan)

Total area
29.8sq.km (11.49sq.miles)/
World range 138

Population
about 3.7million (National Census of 2002)

Ethnic composition
96% Armenians / 4% minorities

Diaspora
7+ million

Religion
Christianity (The state religion since 301)

Church
Armenian Apostolic

Religious center
Saint Echmiadzin

State language
Armenian (A separate branch in the Indo-European family of languages)

Time zone (local time)
Middle European
GMT+4 (Summer time) / GMT+3 (Winter time)
Moscow Standard Time MST+1
US East Coast+9 / US West Coast+12

Voltage / Electricity
220V / 50Hz

Weights & Measures
Metric System

Currency
Dram / ISO Code 'AMD'

Climate
Semi-continental

Highest point
Mt. Aragats / 4.096m

Lowest point
Debed river canyon / 380m

Average elevation
1800m above see level

Largest lake
Sevan / 2000m above see level

Average temperatures
7-9° below 0°C in Winter / 28-30°C in Summer



ARMENIA VISITORS INFO. TRAVEL INFO.
Armenia Travel Agencies. Travel Services.



Port of arrival
Zvartnots Int'l Airport (7km far from Yerevan)
www.zvartnots.am

Entry visas
An entry visa is required exept for the citizens
of CIS countries / Can be received upon arrival, in the Embassies of RA overseas or via Internet

E-Visa:
www.armeniaforeignministry.com/eVisa

The best time to visit
Dry sunny & long autumn

Natural attractions
>> REGIONS

Diplomatic missions
>> DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS

Accommodation / Hotels
>> Top Hotels  >> Small Hotels / Guest Houses

Holidays / Events
>> EVENTS  >> BIZ DIR / EVENTS

Visitors info centers
>> Visitors Information Centers

Travel services / Travel agencies / Tours
>> Travel Services / Travel Agencies / Tours

Sightseeings / Heritage sites
>> REGIONS   >> Sightseeing / Heritage

Folk art / Souvenirs / Crafts
>> Souvenirs / Crafts / Folk Art

Communication languages
Most of the people speak Russian
& understand English

Money transfer
Money Gram / UniStream / Western Union
>> Banking Services / Banks

Public transportation
Bus / Minibus / Taxicab / Metro(Subway)
6.30-11.30pm

Postal services / Courier services
>> Postal Services / Courier Services

Eating out / Leisure /
Entertainment

>> Eating Out / Leisure / Entertainment

Tipping
10% (if aren't included in the bill)

Retail / Shopping
>> Retail / Shopping / Shops

Credit cards accepted
American Express / Diners Club /
JCB International / Euro Card /
Master Card / Visa Electron /
Visa International / Maestro

IDD codes
>> IDD CODES

Emergency phone #
>> BIZ DIR

Vehicle rental / Rent-a-car
>> Vehicle Rental / Car rental / Rent-a-Car

Medical centers / Medical clinics
>> Medical centers / Medical clinics

Dental centers / Dental clinics
>> Dental centers / Dental clinics

Health resorts / SPA resorts
>> Resorts / Recreation Centers / Sanatoria
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ARMENIA GEOGRAPHY.
Armenia Nature. Flora & Fauna.



GEO Coordinates:
Latitude 40°11'N / Longitude 44°30'E.


  Armenia is situated in the South Trans-Caucasus region where the Great Caucasus Mountain range meets Western Asia. It occupies the small Northeastern part of Armenian Plateau & can be called 'an island of mountains'. About two-thirds of the territory of Armenia is covered by mountains & solid rocks. It is intersected by over 20 mountain ridges, over 900 large & small mountain peaks. The highest peak is Mt. Aragats - the extinct volcano. Armenia is rich in stone structures, semi-precious & ornamental stones. Here one can find every type of building stones - marble, granite, basalt, tuffa, pumice, perlite. It's a great 'symphony of stone'.
  The type of land is as follows: 37.2% mountains, 29.8% pasture, 21% arable land & 12% woodland. Armenia is called Sunny, sun shines there more than 250 days/year. It is famous for its unique & fascinating nature, contrasts of landscape & climate, large diversity of flora & fauna. Because of its mountainous relief there exist almost all climate zones from dry subtropical to cold mountain weather. There are more than 100 mountain lakes, numerous natural wells of mineral water, mountainous pure springs throughout the country. ' The pearl of Armenia' Lake Sevan, the largest lake of the Trans-Caucasus & one of the highest sweet lakes in the world. The best time of the year in Armenia is a dry, sunny & long autumn with unimaginable colors & variety of fruits & vegetables.
  Because of complex relief & different altitudes of Armenian highland, there is unique natural & climate conditions, high diversity of ecosystems & microclimates ranging from sunburn deserts in the mountain valleys to alpine meadows, from lush forests to eternal snow on the mountain peaks. Moreover, Armenia is located at the crossroads of the different floristic regions. These factors have resulted in striking variety of flora & fauna in Armenia. Armenia is an ecologically clean country, where the natural world has been preserved in its primitive state.
  More than 3000 species of different plants grow in Armenia. Forests compose 12% of the territory: oaks, birch-trees, linden-trees, etc. There are also wild fruit-bearing trees: pear, apple, walnut, etc. The local endemic flora comprises more than 100 species.
  Fauna is presented in Armenia by more than 450 species of vertebrate animals & 17000 of invertebrates, more than 12000 species of insects, including about 2000 species of butterflies. There is also a high diversity of herpetofauna, such as snakes, lizards, tortoises & amphibians. The Armenian highland is populated by more than 850 species of birds. Moreover, Armenia is located on the migratory routs of birds & in autumn you can observe more than 1000 species of birds.



ARMENIA ECONOMY. INDUSTRY. TRADE.
Agriculture. Construction. Transport.



   The major sectors of Armenian economy are industry, construction, agriculture, trade, financial & banking sector, transport & communications, telecommunications, IT sector, tourism & hospitality.
  The main branches of Armenia industry are represented by 1.energy/gas/water production & distribution; 2.food processing & packaging (beverages, juices, mineral water, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages, wines & brandies, beer, dairy & meat products, cheese, candies, sweets, tobacco, etc.); 3.metallurgy; 4.mining industry; 5.jewelry & diamond processing; 6.chemicals & pharmaceuticals; 7.machinery & equipment; 8.light industry; 9.electronics; 10.wood processing & furniture production.
  The main export commodities of Armenia are as follows: 1.precious & semi-precious stones; 2.precious / non-precious metals & finished products; 3.agri-products, processed & canned products, foodstuffs, fresh fruits & vegetables; 4.wines & brandies; 5. mineral & spring water; 6.mining products; 7.light industry items; 8.machinery & equipment, etc.
  The Government of RA supports the branches with high export potential: mining, agriculture, food processing, IT sector, tourism sector. Armenia exports IT products with 30% growth per year. Armenia has very skilled workforce for this sector.
  Agriculture of Armenia is one of the highly developed sectors of Armenian economy. Armenian fruits, vegetables & other agri-products are especial delicious due to unique natural & climatic conditions. There is a fast growth of agricultural sector during the recent years.
  Many Armenian companies specialize in agricultural products processing & canning, wines & brandies manufacturing, meat processing & packing, dairy products manufacturing, cheese production, fish farming & fish products manufacturing. Armenian fresh fruits & vegetables, processed & canned agricultural products, including quick frozen fruits, vegetables & berries, natural juices, beverages, as well as meat & fish products, dairy products, cheese, tobacco & cigarettes have a great export potential. Armenian companies export mineral water, beer, wines, brandies, dried fruit & vegetables, honey & bee products, herbs & teas, canned products, preserves, tomato paste, natural juices, dairy products, cheese, confectionery, candies, sweets, cigarettes.



ARMENIA TOURISM. ARMENIA TRAVEL.
Travel Agencies in Armenia.



  Tourism sector in Armenia would play one of the key roles in Armenian economy. Tourism industry in Armenia, as well as Nagorno Karabakh/Artsakh tourism has a good potential for growth. The favorable climate, exclusive mountainous landscape of Armenia, its rich natural resources, historic & cultural heritage, health resorts, Spa resorts, Ski resorts, as well as development of tourism infrastructure, provide an excellent opportunities to create a positive image of country & position Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh as an attractive travel destinations.
  Travel agencies in Armenia offer quality travel services, Armenia tours, Karabakh tours, different Armenia & Artsakh tour packages, holiday tour packages, daily & multi-day tours around the Armenia & Nagorno Karabakh (NKR). Some of the Armenian travel agencies provide Western Armenia tours as well. Most of Armenian tour agencies offer standard tours, group tours, special & customized tours throughout Armenia & Artsakh. The tourists & visitors can choose from a range of tourist itineraries in Armenia and Artsakh which offered by Armenian travel and tour companies.
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