Armenia General Info / Visitors Info
GEOGRAPHIC OVERVIEW / ARMENIA ECONOMY
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Armenia. Armenia General Info. Visitors Info. Travel Info.
Geography, Nature, Flora & Fauna. Armenia Economy. Tourism.
Republic of Armenia. Hayastan. Yerevan. Country Info. Tourists Info.
ARMENIA GENERAL INFO
Republic of Armenia (RA)
Conventional short form
ArmeniaLocal long form
Hayastani HanrapetutyunLocal short form
South Trans-Caucasus /
Northeast of Armenian PlateauBorders
Georgia / Azerbaijan / Turkey / Iran
Yerevan (300sq.km / 1.2million)International Airports
Zvartnots & Shirak (Gyumri)Independence declared
September 21, 1991State flag
Three equal horizontal bands of
red (top) / blue / orange
July 5, 1995State structure
Parliamentary Democratic StateForm of Governance
National Assembly (Parliament)
Government of RAAdministrative division
11 regions (including Yerevan)
World range 138Population
about 3.7million (National Census of 2002)
96% Armenians / 4% minoritiesDiaspora
Christianity (The state religion since 301)
Armenian ApostolicReligious center
Saint EchmiadzinState language
Armenian (A separate branch in the Indo-European family of languages)
Time zone (local time)
GMT+4 (Summer time) / GMT+3 (Winter time)
Moscow Standard Time MST+1
US East Coast+9 / US West Coast+12
Voltage / Electricity
220V / 50Hz
Weights & Measures
Dram / ISO Code 'AMD'Climate
Mt. Aragats / 4.096mLowest point
Debed river canyon / 380mAverage elevation
1800m above see levelLargest lake
Sevan / 2000m above see levelAverage temperatures
C in Winter / 28-30°
C in Summer
ARMENIA VISITORS INFO. TRAVEL INFO.Port of arrival
Armenia Travel Agencies. Travel Services.
Zvartnots Int'l Airport (7km far from Yerevan)www.zvartnots.am
An entry visa is required exept for the citizens
of CIS countries / Can be received upon arrival, in the Embassies of RA overseas or via InternetE-Visa:www.armeniaforeignministry.com/eVisaThe best time to visit
Dry sunny & long autumnNatural attractions
>> REGIONSDiplomatic missions
>> DIPLOMATIC MISSIONSAccommodation / Hotels
>> Top Hotels
>> Small Hotels / Guest HousesHolidays / Events
>> BIZ DIR / EVENTSVisitors info centers
>> Visitors Information CentersTravel services / Travel agencies / Tours
>> Travel Services / Travel Agencies / ToursSightseeings / Heritage sites
>> Sightseeing / HeritageFolk art / Souvenirs / Crafts
>> Souvenirs / Crafts / Folk ArtCommunication languages
Most of the people speak Russian
& understand EnglishMoney transfer
Money Gram / UniStream / Western Union
>> Banking Services / Banks
Bus / Minibus / Taxicab / Metro(Subway)
6.30-11.30pmPostal services / Courier services
>> Postal Services / Courier Services Eating out / Leisure /
>> Eating Out / Leisure / EntertainmentTipping
10% (if aren't included in the bill)
Retail / Shopping
>> Retail / Shopping / ShopsCredit cards accepted
American Express / Diners Club /
JCB International / Euro Card /
Master Card / Visa Electron /
Visa International / MaestroIDD codes
>> IDD CODESEmergency phone #
>> BIZ DIRVehicle rental / Rent-a-car
>> Vehicle Rental / Car rental / Rent-a-Car
Medical centers / Medical clinics
>> Medical centers / Medical clinicsDental centers / Dental clinics
>> Dental centers / Dental clinicsHealth resorts / SPA resorts
>> Resorts / Recreation Centers / Sanatoria
Armenia Nature. Flora & Fauna.
Latitude 40°11'N / Longitude 44°30'E.
Armenia is situated in the South Trans-Caucasus region where the Great Caucasus Mountain range meets Western Asia. It occupies the small Northeastern part of Armenian Plateau & can be called 'an island of mountains'. About two-thirds of the territory of Armenia is covered by mountains & solid rocks. It is intersected by over 20 mountain ridges, over 900 large & small mountain peaks. The highest peak is Mt. Aragats - the extinct volcano. Armenia is rich in stone structures, semi-precious & ornamental stones. Here one can find every type of building stones - marble, granite, basalt, tuffa, pumice, perlite. It's a great 'symphony of stone'.
The type of land is as follows: 37.2% mountains, 29.8% pasture, 21% arable land & 12% woodland. Armenia is called Sunny, sun shines there more than 250 days/year. It is famous for its unique & fascinating nature, contrasts of landscape & climate, large diversity of flora & fauna. Because of its mountainous relief there exist almost all climate zones from dry subtropical to cold mountain weather. There are more than 100 mountain lakes, numerous natural wells of mineral water, mountainous pure springs throughout the country. ' The pearl of Armenia' Lake Sevan, the largest lake of the Trans-Caucasus & one of the highest sweet lakes in the world. The best time of the year in Armenia is a dry, sunny & long autumn with unimaginable colors & variety of fruits & vegetables.
Because of complex relief & different altitudes of Armenian highland, there is unique natural & climate conditions, high diversity of ecosystems & microclimates ranging from sunburn deserts in the mountain valleys to alpine meadows, from lush forests to eternal snow on the mountain peaks. Moreover, Armenia is located at the crossroads of the different floristic regions. These factors have resulted in striking variety of flora & fauna in Armenia. Armenia is an ecologically clean country, where the natural world has been preserved in its primitive state.
More than 3000 species of different plants grow in Armenia. Forests compose 12% of the territory: oaks, birch-trees, linden-trees, etc. There are also wild fruit-bearing trees: pear, apple, walnut, etc. The local endemic flora comprises more than 100 species.
Fauna is presented in Armenia by more than 450 species of vertebrate animals & 17000 of invertebrates, more than 12000 species of insects, including about 2000 species of butterflies. There is also a high diversity of herpetofauna, such as snakes, lizards, tortoises & amphibians. The Armenian highland is populated by more than 850 species of birds. Moreover, Armenia is located on the migratory routs of birds & in autumn you can observe more than 1000 species of birds.
ARMENIA ECONOMY. INDUSTRY. TRADE.
Agriculture. Construction. Transport.
The major sectors of Armenian economy are industry, construction, agriculture, trade, financial & banking sector, transport & communications, telecommunications, IT sector, tourism & hospitality.
The main branches of Armenia industry are represented by 1.energy/gas/water production & distribution; 2.food processing & packaging (beverages, juices, mineral water, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages, wines & brandies, beer, dairy & meat products, cheese, candies, sweets, tobacco, etc.); 3.metallurgy; 4.mining industry; 5.jewelry & diamond processing; 6.chemicals & pharmaceuticals; 7.machinery & equipment; 8.light industry; 9.electronics; 10.wood processing & furniture production.
The main export commodities of Armenia are as follows: 1.precious & semi-precious stones; 2.precious / non-precious metals & finished products; 3.agri-products, processed & canned products, foodstuffs, fresh fruits & vegetables; 4.wines & brandies; 5. mineral & spring water; 6.mining products; 7.light industry items; 8.machinery & equipment, etc.
The Government of RA supports the branches with high export potential: mining, agriculture, food processing, IT sector, tourism sector. Armenia exports IT products with 30% growth per year. Armenia has very skilled workforce for this sector.
Agriculture of Armenia is one of the highly developed sectors of Armenian economy. Armenian fruits, vegetables & other agri-products are especial delicious due to unique natural & climatic conditions. There is a fast growth of agricultural sector during the recent years.
Many Armenian companies specialize in agricultural products processing & canning, wines & brandies manufacturing, meat processing & packing, dairy products manufacturing, cheese production, fish farming & fish products manufacturing.
Armenian fresh fruits & vegetables, processed & canned agricultural products, including quick frozen fruits, vegetables & berries, natural juices, beverages, as well as meat & fish products, dairy products, cheese, tobacco & cigarettes have a great export potential. Armenian companies export mineral water, beer, wines, brandies, dried fruit & vegetables, honey & bee products, herbs & teas, canned products, preserves, tomato paste, natural juices, dairy products, cheese, confectionery, candies, sweets, cigarettes.
ARMENIA TOURISM. ARMENIA TRAVEL.
Travel Agencies in Armenia.
Tourism sector in Armenia would play one of the key roles in Armenian economy. Tourism industry in Armenia, as well as Nagorno Karabakh/Artsakh tourism has a good potential for growth. The favorable climate, exclusive mountainous landscape of Armenia, its rich natural resources, historic & cultural heritage, health resorts, Spa resorts, Ski resorts, as well as development of tourism infrastructure, provide an excellent opportunities to create a positive image of country & position Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh as an attractive travel destinations.
Travel agencies in Armenia offer quality travel services, Armenia tours, Karabakh tours, different Armenia & Artsakh tour packages, holiday tour packages, daily & multi-day tours around the Armenia & Nagorno Karabakh (NKR). Some of the Armenian travel agencies provide Western Armenia tours as well. Most of Armenian tour agencies offer standard tours, group tours, special & customized tours throughout Armenia & Artsakh. The tourists & visitors can choose from a range of tourist itineraries in Armenia and Artsakh which offered by Armenian travel and tour companies.